Surabaya is the capital of East Java province and one of the biggest metropolitan city in Indonesia.Surabaya (formerly Soerabaja) is Indonesia’s second-largest city, and the capital of the province of East Java. It is located on the northern shore of eastern Java at the mouth of the Mas River (Kali Mas or Gold river in English). The city is one of the busiest ports in the country. Its principal exports include sugar, tobacco and coffee. It has a large shipyard, and numerous specialised naval schools.
In its role as the main trading city in the eastern region of Indonesia, Surabaya has become one of the largest cities in south east Asia. Today, Surabaya’s population is around three million.
Currently, the Indonesian government has just finished building the Suramadu bridge between Surabaya and the island of Madura. The bridge becomes the longest bridge in the country. The island of Madura is currently accessed by a ferry service which frequent leaves from Surabaya’s port, called Tanjung Perak (literally means: “Silver Cape” in Indonesian).
Surabaya is home to the Eastern Armada, one of two in the Indonesian Navy. Its strong maritime heritage is also reflected with the Submarine Monument, a real retired Russian submarine, called Pasopati, that was converted into a museum ship in the city centre.